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Doughnut Economics 

21st century economics for 21st century needs

The Doughnut of social and planetary boundaries developed by British Economist Kate Raworth, envisions a world in which people and the planet can thrive in balance – in other words, it offers a compass for guiding 21st century prosperity. The Doughnut consists of two concentric rings: a social foundation to ensure that no one is left falling short on life's essentials, and an ecological ceiling to ensure that humanity does not collectively overshoot environmental boundaries. Between these two lies a doughnut-shaped space that is both ecologically safe and socially just: a space in which humanity can thrive (DEAL) 

Gamifying Doughnut Economics 

The COVID-19 pandemic has given us an opportunity to rethink our economies. Several cities such as Copenhaguen, Amsterdam and Brussels are using the Doughnut Economy model (Raworth, 2017) to shape their post-covid recovery plans. The Doughnut City portrait methodology is a tool used by the Thriving Cities Initiative to help municipalities take into account interdependencies between the local and the global in their city plans.


However, there is a gap between the efforts of international organizations and municipalities to create sustainable and resilient Cities (SDG 11), and the mainstream culture that informs citizen’s behaviors towards the same social and economic issues. This is especially true for the gaming industry, which still uses outdated 19th-century economic assumptions to design game mechanics.


We are using games to bridge the gap between top-down policy implementation and grassroots participation in driving local economic change. We do this by allowing players to engage with fair and regenerative behaviors to bring about change in a fictional game scenario.

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